Study Flashcards On AP Euro Midterm at Cram.com. ~alliance w/ Electors of Brandenburg+ Saxony = Victory and reversed war, and brought new mobility to change tactics, ~ Battle of Lutzen: Adolphus dies, Deep religious motivation, greed and political gain real forces in War. -Duke of Alba marched army into Netherlands to threaten English invasion -- a conservative response to the spread of Protestantism. History 102 Study Guide Exam I England James I Divine Right of Kings Charles I Thorough Grand E. Scorned pleasures as the idle activities which allowed the devil to influence one's actions; Petition of Right, Thomas Wentworth, William Laud, "Long Parliament," Grand Remonstrance; List and explain reasons why James I was an unpopular English monarch. -royal patronage: sell offices, reward loyalty w/ contracts - November 1640: Parliament called back LONG PARLIAMENT king opponents dominated Parliament and pass laws to curtail king A. Columbus and the first conquistadores. ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power August 1589, Henry III assassinated by crazy monk The Enlightenment had its origins in the scientific and intellectual revolutions of the 17c. Parliament, with the Grand Remonstrance, approved 200 articles of the Magna Carta. to Versailles • 7: The Renaissance and Reformation- 1350-1600 Key: UMSUniversal o Georgio Vasari- Rinascita=rebirth (like Renaissance) painter/architect […] -- Puritan Republic. C. capitalism --> private ownership of the means of production and distribution; capital is invested in 1. -Ferdinand III centralizes German speaking provinces (Austria, Styria, Tyrol) Politics and Greed overshadowed religion and brought many parties into war. A. inflation --> "price revolution". The Reformation worked in Northern Europe because: AP Euro Test Review Current Events AP European History 'L ... remonstrance and shared power were the rule. III. -- first to establish the Bourbon family. -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians E. the middle class wished to run their religious affairs as they handled their new businesses. G. tolerance --> a greater acceptance of different societies and cultures. - Grand Remonstrance passed outlining grievances -tax increase 3x for peasants: "soul tax" replace land tax Church-sponsored) share. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. -Internal War: Spain sends troops to Ferdinand (Maximilian of Bavaria+ Lutheran elector John George I Saxony support) E. Germany was the home of Luther and of many new, more theologically "liberal" universities. -- he wanted church lands and property to add to his treasury. -Clarendon Code brought back Anglican Church, restricted rights of Catholics, and non-Anglicans AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. Aristocratic resurgence; An 18th century reaction of the European nobility to the threat to their social position and privileges that they felt from the expanding power of the monarchies of pre-revolutionary Europe. ~ soldiers doubled as tax collectors/police/state bureaucracy ~ nobility too concerned w/ rights/privilege/ status - cut into Portuguese trading in East Asia H. Refusal to recognize the authority of the Pope. B. Grand Remonstrance Dec. 1641- was a list of injustices committed by Charles I given to him from the Long Parliament. 3. -Britain D. Each person must deal with God directly -- each person is his/her own priest. -- war became an activity of the state (the armed forces were formerly in private hands). H. Church elders administered to the congregation (presbyters). -continued hereditary office holders 1639: Scots rise in revolt Ap Packet page 6 D. English Civil War 1. he made the King and the State one and the same. Nw-> Euro: tomatoes ,potatoes, corn, chocolate, Syphilis (increased population w/ nutrition) L. cosmopolitanism. Black Death --> economic and social upheaval. II. F. James II (1685-1688) militarily. Philip II ruled by decree, not by presence and used Catholicism as a political + spiritual tool. A. dissatisfaction with wealth of Church; poor people believing bishops were of the wealthy -opposed by England, Spain, Unitecd provinces, Holy Roman Emperor, Sweden and the electors of Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate existing social and political structures. Grand Remonstrance Test Act (1673) Hanoverians Toleration Act ( 1689) intendants Tories Jansenists Oliver Cromwell Junkers Charles II (Stuart) Triennial Act Ulster Plantation War of Devolution Whigs . furthermore, that a careful study of the Grand Remonstrance… 5 Major Powers: AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. French culture and political power dominated Europe in the 18c. -- Catherine the Great --> expansion of Russian borders in SW; solidifying the power of the Czars; E. Charles II (1660-1685) --> Stuart Restoration Perspective: Wars end recognition of minority religious rights, guarantee of traditional boundaries of political sovereignty. -- War of the Spanish Succession. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. AP EUROPEAN HISTORY NOTES- Filled with silliness and inside jokes, enjoy at your leisure If something is in [] brackets, it is only written in there for our pleasure, ignore it if you are looking for actual information. ~ dissolves body after they demand concessions (Short Parliament) D. scientific method --> experimentation; observation; hypothesis. B. Predestination ("the elect"). -- Bibles were made accessible to the populous in the vernacular. -divides Russia into provinces to extend royal authority -ignored Estates General -> nobles have no means of united action, Major Beliefs: ONE KING, ONE LAW, ONE FAITH => Protestants Print; Main. Huguenots could hold public offices, Absolutism: sovereignty (ultimate power) rests in the king who rules by divine right Imperialism: expanding your empire Once you join your AP class section online, you’ll be able to access AP Daily videos, any assignments from your teacher, and your personal progress dashboard in AP Classroom. Disease + Fresh Soldiers = Victory over Aztecs, Ecomienda: adminster new lands, in which natives were see as subjects of Spanish crown. (Russia= Boyars, nobility tied to Service) -Bishop Jacques Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Scripture-> gov. -reduced power of high nobles (of blood, [NOBLES OF THE SWORD]) F. economic depression at the end of the 16c. -- make France the intellectual and political "light" to the rest of the world. ~ required nobles to live at Versailles for part of year-> separate power from status and grandeur ... Popular Study Materials from AP European History. Henry VIII; Catholic martyr. -Growth in wealth -> paid debts + increased population - Russia becomes Dominant BALTIC POWER, Thirty Years war and weakened power of Estates in German Territories allowed elector to move towards consolidation of power -faced revolts of nobility and Parlement of Paris (court) Grows as Europe and New World becomes an integrated market -- mercantilism. ~ bulk of taxes fell onto towns, MONEY=> make army => make bureaucracy => Don't need nobility => consolidate power on own - Catholic Church paid no taxes owning 20% of land -Abolished monarchy, House of Lords and Anglican Church (Lord Protector) -- fought openly with Parliament and the Puritans over money for his wars with Spain. -- War of the League of Augsburg. 9 Commvons journale, II, 28; H. L. Schooleraft, The genesw of the Grand Remonstrance… B. -- Council of Trent --> internal reforms and a clear listing of Church doctrines. Religious Wars of the late 16c & Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) -France at a potential Spain (devastated economy) by end, -Caused by death of Charles II King of Spain Paternalistic & brutally used for labor. Players: Valois Kings=Catholic moderates, unwilling compromise Sign in to access them. III. -Moves are made to restore monarchy by nobles w/ Charles II, Restore English monarchy under Charles II Treaty of Westphalia (1648). - France loses Gibraltar, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay to England IX. 17c England: (see notes on the sheet regarding the evolution of Parliament) -- increased specialization of skills within a more efficient system of over-all production. -Believes in Divine Right to rule (Responsible to God, not Parliament) ~Growing scientific culture, Raised fears of re-Catholicization due to Ferdinand II's design -- make France the strongest country in Europe. -- he issued the Edict of Nantes (** see treaties sheet ) - Act of Uniformity revises version of Book of Common Prayer w/ 39 Articles form the original 42 Nations sought new sources of wealth and new economic theories and practices to deal with AP EURO HOME PAGE. 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