Here is a fascinating website that analyzes the sounds that a glacier makes. Some other interesting audio stuff on there too.
Have you ever heard a song and been reminded of other songs? Some folks have created a new type of search engine which allows you to upload your favorite song and then analyzes the frequencies and characteristics of the song in order to provide similar matches. I tried it on a few tracks and sometimes it is pretty close. It's a fun way to search for similar sounding music or audio samples, and makes you wonder what it is (sonically) that makes songs unique.
Over a year ago I was probably at the top of my game in terms of audio k-nowledge. I had gotten through the weed-out and fluff courses and started taking the harder-yet-interesting audio and signal processing classes. Anyway, I remember thinking that I should post a picture as a reminder to my future self that at one point I used to know stuff. What you see above is a block diagram describing a mathematical algorithm for an audio process, called an all-pass filter. An all-pass filter, when applied to a sound, will not make an audible difference. In other words, you listen to it before and after you apply the filter, and it sounds the same.
What's cool about it is that it works "behind the scenes". It changes the time information of the sound for certain frequencies. By pushing and pulling the time information for the sound and adding it to the original sound, certain frequencies will amplify or get cancelled out. Kind of like how sometimes when waves in the ocean hit each other, depending on when whey crash into each other the wave will get twice as big or will cancel itself out. The below diagram takes the sound, changes some of the time information for some of the frequencies, then adds it back to itself.
You end up getting a boost or reduction in sound at a given frequency: